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Expand All Contract All. The Methamphetamine Laboratory Program at the Minnesota Department of Health MDH works to protect human health by providing information about the hazards of meth exposure to property owners, renters, buyers, and sellers. Additionally, the program provides technical advice on the remediation cleaning of clandestine methamphetamine production laboratories meth labs and decontamination of property exposed to meth lab activities. Meth is a powerful central nervous system stimulant and one of a family of drugs known as amphetamines.
Meth is a man-made drug that can be taken orally swallowed , inhaled snorted , smoked or injected. The way meth is taken route of administration can influence the rate of addiction and disability caused by its use. Meth may range in color from white to brown; pink to red or in various shades of yellow or green.
Meth can come in pill form, powder or chunks. Common street names for meth include: "speed, chalk, ice, crystal, crank" and "glass. Meth is extremely addictive. Treatment and recovering may be complicated by physical and mental illness, including prolonged depression. For more information about meth please see Related Websites. A meth lab - or clandestine drug lab - is a place where meth is manufactured or "cooked.
Other drugs may be manufactured or processed along with meth. Meth "recipes" can be obtained through the internet or by associating with other people who "cook" meth. These "recipes" can include the following:. Depending on the process and chemicals used, the final product can be tainted and have unwanted or dangerous effects. Chemical reactions that occur during meth production depend on the substances used, and are what cause the process to be hazardous. These chemical reactions frequently result in chemical fires, explosions, and the release of toxic gases.
Meth cooking produces 5 to 7 pounds of solid and liquid chemical wastes for each pound of meth made. These byproducts are considered hazardous waste, and can contaminate a building and its contents or the groundwater or soil where they are dumped. Labs can exist indoors or outdoors; for example, in houses, apartment buildings, motels, vehicles, wooded areas or fields. The "Shake and Bake" method of making meth is frequently used in automobiles and other small spaces. The waste from the process often includes common items such as 2-liter soda bottles and is often discarded along the roide. Use of meth does not mean meth was made or "cooked.
Anyone who believes they have discovered an illegal drug lab or the site of an abandoned lab should immediately notify local law enforcement dial and should not enter the area of the suspected lab. Anyone who happens to enter a lab where meth is in the process of being manufactured should leave immediately— without disturbing the cooking process, chemicals or equipment. Local law enforcement who make arrests at a "clandestine lab site" must notify the Minnesota Duty Officer , the local city or county public health agency, and child protection with the location of the site.
Depending on the severity of contamination, the type of site and the individuals involved, one or more of the following agencies may need to be involved in investigation, evaluation, sampling or remediation of the site. See Cleanup Safety for information about entering a drug lab safely. Immediate short-term effects of methamphetamine abuse may include: Increased attention and decreased fatigue Increased activity Decreased appetite Euphoric feeling and a "rush" Increased respiratory rate Dangerously high body temperature Convulsions. Long-term chronic effects of methamphetamine abuse may include:.
Health effects can result from exposure to meth lab chemicals depend on the lab process and chemicals used, the amounts of chemicals present, total time exposed, and the age and health of the person exposed. Health effects also depend on the way lab chemicals enter the body—breathed in, swallowed, or absorbed through the skin. Children are especially vulnerable to health effects due to their contact with contaminated surfaces and hand to mouth behavior. Less Severe Exposures - Can improve when chemicals are gone and with access to fresh air. Chronic Exposures - Exposed over time to chemicals or byproducts in low or high amounts.
Real Estate Agents. What remediation means, how to know whether a property was a meth lab, and disclosure requirements. County Officials. Property Owners. Law Enforcement. Documents pertaining to cleanup as well as links to relevant Minnesota laws and more in-depth reading on the subject of meth and meth labs. Contact Meth Lab Program. What is Meth? What is a Meth Lab? Meth Lab Products. These "recipes" can include the following: Over-the-counter medications that include pseudoephedrine or ephedrine in their contents.
Combinations of volatile organic compounds VOCs , acids, bases, metals, solvents and salts. Chemical products and substances that are used interchangeably to produce meth in different forms. Ways to Recognize a Meth Lab. Health Effects. Symptoms of Methamphetamine Abuse. Health Effects of Meth Lab Exposure.
Acute Exposure - Occur over a short period of time. Symptoms include shortness of breath, cough, chest pain, dizziness, lack of coordination, chemical irritation, or burns to skin, eyes, nose and mouth. Death could result when exposure is to a highly toxic chemical or the person exposed is especially vulnerable. Non-users can experience these effects during or immediately after "cooking. Symptoms have occurred in people exposed to active labs, such as law enforcement personnel and other first responders who have entered a drug lab before the site has been cleaned or ventilated.
Chronic Exposures - Exposed over time to chemicals or byproducts in low or high amounts Liver and kidney damage Neurological problems Increased risk of cancer Child Medical Evaluation Protocol. Information For Real Estate Agents What remediation means, how to know whether a property was a meth lab, and disclosure requirements Contractors Necessary contractor qualifications plus their roles and responsibilities County Officials Responsibilities of the authority overseeing a meth lab cleanup Property Owners Responsibilities of the owner of a property that has been declared a meth lab Landlords What to do if you suspect a meth lab or meth use on your property Renters What to do if you are concerned about a meth lab or meth use Law Enforcement Responsibilities of law enforcement when arrests are made at a "clandestine lab site".
Expand All Contract All Materials and Resources Documents pertaining to cleanup as well as links to relevant Minnesota laws and more in-depth reading on the subject of meth and meth labs. MDH Resources. It is also illegal to possess methamphetamine precursor drugs with the intent to manufacture methamphetamine. This information brief explains the laws on methamphetamine, including crimes and penalties for violations of the law, restrictions on the sale of precursor drugs, and regulations regarding the use and cleanup of property used for manufacturing methamphetamine.
Minnesota Statutes, section Minnesota Statutes, section A. Written by Jeffrey Diebel, Legislative Analyst and Dariel Weaver, Research Assistant ; A summary of laws pertaining to methamphetamine including property and cleanup of meth labs. Related Websites. National Institute on Drug Abuse Methamphetamine Description of meth and general information as well as statistics and trends on abuse.
National Association of Realtors: Meth Labs Resource for real estate agents regarding the warning s, disclosure laws, and hazards of meth and meth labs.What is methamphetamines made of
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Meth Lab Program