Added: Kamelia Brigham - Date: 13.09.2021 06:35 - Views: 15989 - Clicks: 7800
Feeling , in psychology, the perception of events within the body, closely related to emotion. As the known special organs of sense were the ones mediating the perception of the external world, the verb to feel came also to mean the perception of events within the body. Psychologists disagree on the use of the term feeling. The preceding definition accords with that of the American psychologist R. Because of the essentially internal, subjective nature of feeling, its study has been concerned with two distinct problems—namely, how an event is perceived and what the perceived event is. At the turn of the 20th century, German psychologists Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener suggested that the elementary psychological states that make up consciousness , such as sensations, images, and feelings, can be observed and analyzed by experimentation.
In the German physiologist E. Weber distinguished only two senses in addition to sight, hearing, taste, and smell, whereas the American neurologist C. Herrick in distinguished 23 classes of receptors involved in such additional senses. Much information has been gained on the perception of relatively simple localized stimulation within the body. It is known, for instance, that moderate increases in temperatures of the skin are perceived as warmth, moderate decreases as cold, checkerboard combinations of moderate increases and decreases as heat, and intense increases as pain.
Comparable information has not been gained, however, on the perception of such presumably widespread and heterogeneous internal states as the emotions. Subsequent evidence indicates that the theory is essentially correct in that there is an internal sensory basis for feeling. More recent work has demonstrated an interaction between physiological arousal and cognition in determining emotional expression. If emotion is in part a perception initiated by bodily responses, it is obviously desirable to know what these responses are.
The best single answer to this question came from the work of the American physiologist W. Cannon , who in a long series of experiments was able to show that the major emotions involve excitation of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system and that such excitation, because of the diffuse conduction, gives rise to a widespread set of specific responses of smooth muscles and glands—increase in heart rate, increase in blood pressure , inhibition of peristaltic movements, increased perspiration, and many others.
Compare emotion. Introduction Study of internal sensitivity Perception of emotions. Additional Info. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires . External Websites. WebMd - Feeling. Key People: Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten Show more Related Topics: Emotion Show more.
Full Article. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. On the contrary, emotions are structured in several ways: by their underlying neurology, by the judgments and evaluations that enter into them, by the behaviour that expresses or manifests them, and by the larger social….
History at your fingertips. up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! address. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.What is feeling
email: [email protected] - phone:(547) 285-2963 x 9452