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LSD lysergic acid diethylamide , first synthesized in , is an extremely potent hallucinogen. It is synthetically made from lysergic acid, which is found in ergot, a fungus that grows on rye and other grains. It is so potent its doses tend to be in the microgram mcg range. It's effects, often called a "trip", can be stimulating, pleasurable, and mind-altering or it can lead to an unpleasant, sometimes terrifying experience called a "bad trip.
In the U. However, despite being a Schedule 1 substance, there has been a resurgence of interest in potential therapeutic uses for LSD, such as for the treatment of alcoholism and depression. Studies that conform to modern research standards are currently underway that might strengthen our knowledge on the use of LSD. LSD is produced in crystalline form and then mixed with other inactive ingredients, or diluted as a liquid for production in ingestible forms.
It is odorless, colorless and has a slightly bitter taste. Some people may inhale LSD through the nose snort or inject it into a vein shoot it up. There is no way to predict the amount of LSD that is contained in any form consumed. LSD is a mind-altering drug. It is thought LSD causes it's characteristic hallucinogenic effects via interaction with the serotonin receptors in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that helps control your behavior and mood, governs your senses, and moderates your thoughts.
The physical effects of LSD are unpredictable from person-to-person. Usually, the first effects of the drug when taken by mouth are felt 30 to 45 minutes after taking it, peak at 2 to 4 hours, and may last 12 hours or longer. Use by the intravenous IV route will produce a much quicker action, usually within 10 minutes.
Effects include:. Extreme changes in mood can occur. If taken in large enough doses, the drug produces delusions and visual hallucinations. Overdose can lead to severe psychosis. The physical effects can also include nausea, loss of appetite, increased blood sugar, difficulty sleeping, dry mouth, tremors and seizures. The user may also experience impaired depth and time perception, with distorted perception of the size and shape of objects, movements, color, sound, touch and their own body image. Sensations may seem to "cross over," giving the feeling of hearing colors and seeing sounds.
These changes can be frightening and can cause panic. Some LSD users also experience severe, terrifying thoughts and feelings, fear of losing control, and fear of insanity or death. An experience with LSD is referred to as a "trip". Acute, disturbing psychological effects are known as a "bad trip". These experiences are lengthy, with the effects of higher doses lasting for 6 to 12 hours, and it may take 24 hours to return to a normal state. Under the influence of LSD, the ability to make sensible judgments and see common dangers is impaired, making the user susceptible to personal injury or death.
After an LSD trip, the user may suffer acute anxiety or depression, and may also experience flashbacks also called hallucinogen persisting perception disorder , which are recurrences of the effects of LSD days or even months after taking the last dose.
Some users who take the drug repeatedly must take progressively higher doses to achieve the state of intoxication that they had ly achieved. This is an extremely dangerous practice, given the unpredictability of the drug. The percentage of people aged 12 or older in who were past year hallucinogen users was higher than the percentages in and , but it was similar to the percentage in Rates of LSD use remain low among youth in the U.
In , it was estimated that , adolescents aged 12 to 17 were past year users of hallucinogens, which corresponds to about 1. The percentage of adolescents in who were past year hallucinogen users was lower than the percentages in and , but it was similar to the percentage in Between the years to , trends in annual prevalence of use of LSD for Grades 8, 10, and 12 combined were 1.
Key Findings on Adolescent Drug Use found that "generational forgetting" -- students stating that they are not familiar with the drug -- has resulted in a decline in perceived risk of LSD among younger groups, which may put them at higher risk of use in future years. This points to the need for continued education over time on all illicit drugs including hallucinogens that may be a risk for youth. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this applies to your personal circumstances.
Find out everything you need to know about weight loss drugs in our prescription weight loss pill guide. What is LSD? LSD is usually found on the streets in various forms, for example: blotter paper LSD soaked onto sheets of absorbent paper with colorful des; cut into small, individual dosage units - the most common form thin squares of gelatin commonly referred to as window panes tablet form usually small tablets known as Microdots or capsules liquid on sugar cubes pure liquid form may be extremely potent Some people may inhale LSD through the nose snort or inject it into a vein shoot it up.
Effects include: hallucinations distorted visual perception of shapes, colors altered sounds anxiety and depression flashbacks a return of the "trip" experience days or months later rapid heart rate, increased body temperature and high blood pressure dilated pupils Extreme changes in mood can occur. Health Hazards and Flashbacks with LSD Under the influence of LSD, the ability to make sensible judgments and see common dangers is impaired, making the user susceptible to personal injury or death.
A flashback occurs suddenly, often without warning, usually in people who use hallucinogens chronically or have an underlying personality problem. Healthy people who only use LSD occasionally may also have flashbacks. Bad trips and flashbacks are only part of the risks of LSD use. LSD users may also manifest relatively long-lasting psychoses, such as schizophrenia or severe depression. Speak to a healthcare provider to help direct you to reliable sources of help and monitor your progress.
Talk therapy behavioral counseling and group counseling may be an option to help you understand your behaviors and why you continue to use LSD. Keep your appointments and follow your providers treatment plan. Consider including trusted family or friends in your treatment plan. Take care of yourself: exercise, eat healthfully, and control your stress level. Surround yourself with supportive people. Added medical therapy may be needed to treat symptoms due to drug use, such as anxiety, depression, or schizophrenia.
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