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Crystal meth is a highly addictive, illegal stimulant drug that has a long-lasting euphoric effect. It is known more formally as crystal methamphetamine. It is made in illegal labs in the United States U. The Drug Policy Alliance maintains that 11 million Americans, on at least one occasion, have tried methamphetamine. Crystal meth is popular among young adults at dance clubs and parties. It is taken for its euphoric effects. Some people take it because it can lead to rapid weight loss, although most of the lost weight tends to return when a person stops using the drug.
The body also gradually becomes tolerant to crystal meth, reducing the weight-loss effect over time. Some people prefer crystal meth to other illicit drugs because the sense of euphoria it gives can last for up to 12 hours. This is a much longer duration than cocaine, a drug with similar effects. People with depression may choose to take crystal meth for its mood-enhancing properties. Others may be attracted by the increased libido and sexual pleasure often associated with this drug. Crystal meth is most commonly smoked in glass pipes, but it can also be snorted, injected, swallowed, or inserted into the anus or the urethra.
Crystal meth boosts the release and stops the reuptake of a neurotransmitter, or brain chemical, called dopamine. In this way, it increases the levels of dopamine in the body. Dopamine plays an important role in motor function, motivation, reward, and how the brain experiences and interprets pleasure.
Taking crystal meth causes dopamine to build up in the brain. This is a common feature of many abused drug. Abusing crystal meth can lead to considerable changes in brain function. Crystal meth can also severely affect the structure and function of brain areas linked to emotion and memory.
This may explain why chronic users of crystal meth often develop emotional and cognitive difficulties. Some brain changes that occur remain long after the user has stopped taking the drug. Some may reverse after long periods of abstinence, but this could take a year or more. When taken regularly or in high doses, crystal meth can cause a condition known as methamphetamine psychosis.
Chronic use or overdose can lead to convulsions, stroke , heart attack , and death. Regular users of crystal meth have a ificant risk of losing their teeth through severe decay. This is known as meth mouth. One reason is that methamphetamine contains acid ingredients that are bad for the teeth. Illicit products may include drain cleaner, battery acid, and hydrochloric acid. Crystal meth produces feelings of euphoria for up to 12 hours, and users crave its powerful effect again and again.
Symptoms can last for days or weeks, depending on how long the addiction has lasted. Drug rehabilitation programs can help people through the withdrawal process and guide them toward a drug-free life once withdrawal symptoms have gone. There is currently no government-approved drug that can help a person recover from crystal meth addiction.
Treatment may involve cognitive behavioral therapy CBT , exercise, and nutritional guidance and incentives, such as vouchers, in exchange for remaining drug-free. For anyone concerned about a loved one who may have an addiction, NIDA provides information and guidance about what to do. Researchers used a brain stimulation technique called transcranial magnetic stimulation to reduce the brain's response to drug cues in chronic drug….
Cocaine is one of the most addictive and harmful drugs. Find out what cocaine is, its effects, what makes it addictive, and the health risks. Methamphetamine is a highly addictive and illegal drug that is known for its euphoric effects. It is the second highest illicit drug used worldwide…. The links between impulsivity, drug abuse and neuroanatomy are dense and convoluted.
A recent study that took detailed brain scans of non-addicted…. Everything you need to know about crystal meth. Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph. Recreational use Effects: Brain Effects: Body Addiction and withdrawal Treatment and rehabilitation Crystal meth is a highly addictive, illegal stimulant drug that has a long-lasting euphoric effect.
Recreational use. Share on Pinterest Crystal meth is taken in many ways, and it is popular for its euphoric effect. Its street names come from its crystalline or glass-like appearance. Effects: Brain. Effects: Body. Share on Pinterest Crystal meth can have a serious impact on the heart. Addiction and withdrawal. Share on Pinterest Withdrawal symptoms include severe depression, insomnia, anxiety, and psychosis. Addiction can take root after only a few uses of crystal meth.
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Researchers used a brain stimulation technique called transcranial magnetic stimulation to reduce the brain's response to drug cues in chronic drug… . Everything you need to know about cocaine. Medically reviewed by University of Illinois. Methamphetamine: What you should know. Medically reviewed by Lindsay Slowiczek, PharmD. The neuroscience of impulse and addiction The links between impulsivity, drug abuse and neuroanatomy are dense and convoluted.Is crystal meth a stimulant
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