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Jump to . Harlem is known internationally as the Black Mecca of the world, but Harlem has been home to many races and ethnic groups including the Dutch, Irish, German, Italian, and Jewish. Harlem was originally settled by the Dutch in , but was largely farmland and undeveloped territory for approximately years.
Development of transportation lines caused speculation on the land and many fine row houses and multiple family apartment buildings were erected. However, this boom slowed in when a national recession struck. The recession curbed further developed and stymied real estate sales.
When the economy recovered in , development continued, especially in the form of beautiful apartment buildings. The Lenox Avenue IRT subway line was completed in , and once again many speculated that Harlem would become extremely desirable to those residing in lower Manhattan.
Hundreds of tenement apartment buildings were built anticipating the masses from lower Manhattan to occupy them. Unfortunately for the developers, the IRT not only made Harlem available to those from downtown, but also made Washington Heights, the Bronx and other northern points accessible. Developers over speculated and many houses went unsold.
Real estate agent and entrepreneur Phillip A. Payton approached several Harlem landlords with the proposition that he would fill their empty or partially occupied properties with Black tenants. The house he lived in with his wife Maggie still stands on West. Blacks continued to pour into Harlem from points in lower Manhattan, the American South and the Caribbean. With the onset of the First World War in , many foreign immigrants set sail for their homelands, leaving employment opportunities available in the war industries in the north.
Blacks migrated in record s from the south to northern cities in search of opportunities and increased wages. This period was christened the "Harlem Renaissance". Harlem Renaissance figures such as Langston Hughes, Aaron Douglas, Alain Locke and others felt that they would use their artistic creativity as a means to show America and the world that Blacks are intellectual, artistic and humane and should be treated accordingly. The Great Depression of rocked the country and devastated Black communities such as Harlem.
The pressure of high rents, unemployment and racist practices cumulated in Harlem riots in and The Second World War offered Blacks few opportunities for advancement, and Blacks mobilized against the war industry demanding fair practices. Harlem was both stage and player during the turbulent period of the Civil Rights Movement. Religious and political leaders articulated the sentiments of the masses from street corners and pulpits throughout the community.
Despite the rough days of the few decades, Harlem is presently experiencing a new renaissance. A brief walk through any section of the community will reveal the sights and sounds of construction crews at work developing properties. Tourists from around the world are visiting in record s, to absorb the beautiful multi-ethnic culture of the Black capital of America.
One of the advantages of Harlem Hospital is its location in New York City, a world center of artistic and scientific activity. A full description of the abundant cultural experiences that the New York City area offers is beyond the scope of this site, but there are countless "must-see" sights and tourist attractions. Offerings in the arts are unparalleled, given the numerous museums, concert halls and vast theater district.
Thousands of restaurants, clubs, cinemas, stores, street fairs, parks and beaches provide enjoyable entertainment. Finally, New York and New Jersey boast a host of professional sports teams that attract legendary fan support. When you visit New York City, you discover culture and diversity that set us apart from the rest. One of New York City great assets is its walk-ability. NYC is an exciting and friendly place. Just walking the streets you can smell the wonderful diversity of amazing foods or explore the many Shopping Department stores for a great bargain. The list is endless in the Big Apple… go ahead take a bite!
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